RSS Feed (xml)

Powered By

Skin Design:
Free Blogger Skins

Powered by Blogger

Friday, April 25, 2008


Common Name: * Alerce
Scientific Name: * Fitzroya cupressoides
Categories: * Endangered, Timber
Conservation Status: * Endangered

Natural Monument of Chile
Alerce is an endemic evergreen conifer that may reach 5 m in diameter and 50 m in height. This species can live longer than 3,600 years, making it the second longest-lived tree after Pinus longaeva.

Why is this species important?
Fitzroya forests have a unique composition and structure and a high ecological value. In the past, the timber has been heavily exploited and was of great commercial use, but the economic importance of Fitzroya forests today is mainly linked to the potential for eco-tourism. F. cupressoides has extensive cultural and historical value, with generations of people linked to the exploitation and trade of the tree. The amazing age attained by specimens of F. cupressoides – the oldest known individual is 3,622 years old – gives an invaluable insight into the historical climatic conditions of southern South America.

Where is it found?
F. cupressoides grows in the temperate rainforest of southern Chile and adjacent parts of Argentina. Specifically, it occurs in Chile in the Coastal Range (39° 50’S - 43° 30’S), Central Depression (41° 20’S – 41° 50’S) and Andes (40° 30’S – 43° 30’S). In the Chilean Andes F. cupressoides is strongly associated with large-scale natural disturbance of various types such as lava flows, volcanic ash deposition and landslides. In the Chilean Coastal Range, the forests have originated on areas historically affected by fire.

How do people use it?
Since the sixteenth century Fitzroya cupressoides wood has been highly valued for its beauty and durability. As a result, it has been extensively used as facing material (boards or shingles) on buildings in southern Chile. Owing to its fine, homogeneous texture, the reddish brown wood is used to make barrels, furniture, musical instruments, pencils, and handicrafts.

Why is it threatened?
Owing to the high value of the timber, F. cupressoides forests have been extensively destroyed and degraded over time. Repeated human-set fires and heavy grazing have also contributed to the species’ decline. Although it was placed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in 1975, forbidding all international trade, and was declared a national monument in Chile in 1976, outlawing the cutting of live trees, enforcement of these laws has been problematic, and illegal harvesting is still an important threat in many areas in Chile. In Argentina it has been protected since 1945, and logging is almost non-existent.In Chile, 47,400 ha (17%) of a total of 264,993 ha of Fitzroya forests are protected within National Parks and National Reserves. The remaining 83% of Fitzroya forests are largely within private properties.

What conservation action is needed?
To stop the current decline in the species the development of alternative uses for F. cupressoides forests, such as the utilisation of non-timber forest products and eco-tourism, is necessary. Ecological restoration and the creation of new protected areas are also urgently needed. In the Chilean Coastal Range between 40º S and 43º S, the expansion of protected areas of Fitzroya is an agreed national priority. In particular, the Fitzroya forests with very old, giant trees growing on fragile sites around the Reloncaví Estuary in the Chilean Andes should be declared a Protected Area. Small patches of young Fitzroya populations in the Central Depression of Chile are an extreme case of habitat fragmentation and are highly threatened by urban and suburban expansion.It is also very important to increase the resources of the Chilean Forest Service and to improve the judicial procedure, in order to increase enforcement of the existing legal protection for the tree. The Global Trees Campaign is developing initiatives to restore and conserve the remnant forests in the Central Depression and Coastal Range of southern Chile, including the propagation of F. cupressoides plants. The campaign has also started to support research on the amount of F. cupressoides wood that comes from illegal cuttings or from areas that were burnt before 1976. This information will be essential to provide new tools for improving the legal status of Fitzroya cupressoides.


oakleyses said...

longchamp outlet, nike outlet, michael kors outlet online, chanel handbags, christian louboutin outlet, ray ban sunglasses, tiffany and co, replica watches, coach outlet, tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, polo ralph lauren outlet online, michael kors outlet store, oakley sunglasses, polo outlet, christian louboutin uk, christian louboutin, burberry handbags, longchamp outlet, kate spade outlet, prada handbags, michael kors outlet, gucci handbags, michael kors outlet, coach outlet, prada outlet, kate spade, michael kors outlet online, tory burch outlet, christian louboutin shoes, coach outlet store online, burberry outlet, true religion outlet, nike air max, coach purses, oakley sunglasses, jordan shoes, longchamp outlet, ray ban sunglasses, oakley sunglasses wholesale, nike free

oakleyses said...

north face, nike air max uk, sac hermes, hollister uk, nike air force, louboutin pas cher, michael kors, oakley pas cher, converse pas cher, abercrombie and fitch uk, hollister pas cher, nike free run, jordan pas cher, nike tn, burberry pas cher, longchamp pas cher, timberland pas cher, nike air max, polo ralph lauren, nike roshe, lululemon canada, ralph lauren uk, true religion outlet, guess pas cher, vans pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, nike air max uk, true religion jeans, hogan outlet, north face uk, new balance, air max, ray ban pas cher, nike free uk, true religion outlet, nike blazer pas cher, sac vanessa bruno, michael kors pas cher, ray ban uk, polo lacoste, michael kors outlet, mulberry uk

oakleyses said...

vhollister clothing, giuseppe zanotti outlet, lululemon, wedding dresses, abercrombie and fitch, hermes belt, asics running shoes, bottega veneta, celine handbags, soccer shoes, valentino shoes, ferragamo shoes, vans outlet, mcm handbags, timberland boots, nike roshe run uk, longchamp uk, nike air max, north face outlet, p90x workout, new balance shoes, insanity workout, iphone 6 cases, herve leger, instyler, oakley, hollister, nike huaraches, soccer jerseys, nike trainers uk, babyliss, chi flat iron, ghd hair, baseball bats, jimmy choo outlet, mont blanc pens, north face outlet, mac cosmetics, beats by dre, nfl jerseys, reebok outlet, nike roshe run

oakleyses said...

ralph lauren, vans, gucci, pandora jewelry, ray ban, hollister, ugg, swarovski crystal, links of london, lancel, toms shoes, juicy couture outlet, montre pas cher, pandora uk, replica watches, converse outlet, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, coach outlet, ugg uk, hollister, ugg pas cher, uggs outlet, ugg boots, supra shoes, pandora charms, marc jacobs, louboutin, thomas sabo, juicy couture outlet, ugg boots, karen millen uk, uggs outlet, converse, swarovski, uggs on sale, nike air max, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, wedding dresses