RSS Feed (xml)

Powered By

Skin Design:
Free Blogger Skins

Powered by Blogger

Friday, April 25, 2008

Baillonella toxisperma

Common Name: * Moabi
Scientific Name: * Baillonella toxisperma
Categories: * Medicinal, Timber
Conservation Status: * Vulnerable

Why is this species important?

Moabi is botanically, ecologically and economically important. Baillonella is a monotypic genus with no closely related species. It is a one of the largest trees to be found in the Congo Basin, growing to a height of 60 m and up to 5 m in diameter. Within the Congo biodiversity hotspot moabi is found only in primary and old secondary rainforest. Elephants and other forest mammals eat the fruits of the species. The timber is very important as a source of export earnings. Oil from the seeds is important in the local economy. The bark is used medicinally and the species is culturally important to the Baka pygmies.

Where is it found?

B. toxisperma is found only in rainforests of Central and West Africa. It occurs mainly in Cameroon, Gabon and Nigeria and is also found in Angola, Congo Republic and Equatorial Guinea.

How do people use it?

B. toxisperma is heavily exploited as a commercial timber, particularly in Cameroon and Gabon. In Cameroon, timber from B. toxisperma represents 10% of companies’ total production and between 3.4% and 5% of the total export value of logs of all species. Gabon is the main exporter of B. toxisperma, exporting almost 40,000 m³ in 1998. Demand for the timber is particularly strong in southern Europe. It is used for furniture, cabinet work, decorative flooring, turnery and carving, decorative veneers, joinery and store fittings. For local people B. toxisperma is important in economic, cultural and medicinal terms. The fruits of B. toxisperma are edible and extracts from the bark are used to produce remedies for dental and back problems. Seeds from the fruit are used to make karité oil, which is used for both consumption and trade. In the larger cities in Cameroon, karité oil can be worth as much as US$ 12 per litre. In Cameroonian markets revenues from selling the oil are an important source of income. The value of non-timber products of B. toxisperma has also been recognized by the French cosmetics industry, which has shown an interest in the oil.

Why is it threatened?

The main threat to B. toxisperma is from logging. It is very fragile in terms of its regeneration since it does not flower until it is 50-70 years old and produces fruit only once every three years. In some areas B. toxisperma has already been logged out. In Cameroon B. toxisperma trees within 5km of a village cannot be logged unless the village chief agrees and the population is compensated. In practice, trees have been lost and the population has received no compensation. Logging practices are generally unsustainable and B. toxisperma may disappear from a large part of its original areas of distribution in 10 to 20 years. In the Dja forests of Cameroon, nearly all valuable trees are logged without companies undertaking any initiative to ensure regeneration of the species.

What conservation action is needed?

At present logging companies are not complying with the law and the law itself may provide inadequate protection. In Cameroon, trees less than 1m diameter should not be logged; the figure is 0.8 m in Gabon and Congo Republic. These limits would still leave the regeneration of B. toxisperma at risk. It is argued that the minimum diameter should be increased and measures introduced to conserve ‘mother trees’ that can ensure regeneration takes place. Some argue that there should be a total ban on logging of B. toxisperma.

Moabi is found in several protected areas in Cameroon (Forêt de Nki, Forêt de Boumba Bek and Réserve de Faune de Dja. It is also found in the Sibang Arboretum in Libreville, Gabon. Cameroon has planted 389 ha of B. toxisperma.


Anonymous said...

I really like your blog and i really appreciate the excellent quality content you are posting here for free for your online readers. thanks peace claudia.

Coach Factory said...

longchamp, nike air max, hollister, mulberry, new balance pas cher, hollister, nike free pas cher, vanessa bruno, north face, nike roshe run, nike blazer, abercrombie and fitch, michael kors, vans pas cher, lululemon, air max, mac cosmetics, timberland, sac louis vuitton, vans shoes, sac guess, nike tn, abercrombie and fitch, longchamp, air force, sac louis vuitton, nike roshe run, michael kors pas cher, louis vuitton uk, louboutin, sac hermes, barbour, polo lacoste, north face, sac longchamp, converse pas cher, sac burberry, oakley pas cher, michael kors, nike roshe, nike trainers, ralph lauren, ray ban sunglasses, ray ban pas cher, louis vuitton, nike huarache, hollister, polo ralph lauren, hogan outlet, nike free

Coach Factory said...

ferragamo shoes, hollister, north face outlet, babyliss pro, soccer jerseys, instyler, p90x, canada goose outlet, birkin bag, canada goose, air max, ghd, wedding dresses, moncler, lululemon outlet, moncler outlet, reebok outlet, asics running shoes, marc jacobs, jimmy choo outlet, ugg australia, valentino shoes, ugg boots, timberland boots, ugg, mont blanc, new balance shoes, baseball bats, herve leger, canada goose uk, bottega veneta, celine handbags, chi flat iron, canada goose jackets, beats by dre, ugg boots, iphone 6 cases, rolex watches, mcm handbags, ugg pas cher, canada goose, soccer shoes, canada goose, north face jackets, moncler, uggs outlet, giuseppe zanotti, moncler, nfl jerseys, insanity workout

Coach Factory said...

kate spade handbags, burberry outlet, louboutin shoes, chanel handbags, louboutin, michael kors outlet, longchamp handbags, polo ralph lauren outlet, true religion jeans, louis vuitton outlet, kate spade outlet, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet, ray ban sunglasses, air max, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses cheap, longchamp outlet, coach outlet store online, louis vuitton, christian louboutin shoes, coach outlet, oakley sunglasses, coach purses, jordan shoes, michael kors outlet, tiffany and co, burberry outlet, louis vuitton outlet, coach factory outlet, longchamp handbags, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet, prada handbags, air max, nike shoes, nike free, louis vuitton outlet stores, michael kors outlet, prada outlet, gucci outlet, true religion jeans, louis vuitton handbags, true religion outlet, michael kors outlet, louboutin outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet

Little Rhino said...

I found your information extremely interesting and personally very useful. I am writing a novel with a strong conservation theme that is based in the Congo. Hopefully my message will work to support the protection of these trees along with so many other things.


oakleyses said...

longchamp outlet, nike outlet, michael kors outlet online, chanel handbags, christian louboutin outlet, ray ban sunglasses, tiffany and co, replica watches, coach outlet, tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, polo ralph lauren outlet online, michael kors outlet store, oakley sunglasses, polo outlet, christian louboutin uk, christian louboutin, burberry handbags, longchamp outlet, kate spade outlet, prada handbags, michael kors outlet, gucci handbags, michael kors outlet, coach outlet, prada outlet, kate spade, michael kors outlet online, tory burch outlet, christian louboutin shoes, coach outlet store online, burberry outlet, true religion outlet, nike air max, coach purses, oakley sunglasses, jordan shoes, longchamp outlet, ray ban sunglasses, oakley sunglasses wholesale, nike free

oakleyses said...

north face, nike air max uk, sac hermes, hollister uk, nike air force, louboutin pas cher, michael kors, oakley pas cher, converse pas cher, abercrombie and fitch uk, hollister pas cher, nike free run, jordan pas cher, nike tn, burberry pas cher, longchamp pas cher, timberland pas cher, nike air max, polo ralph lauren, nike roshe, lululemon canada, ralph lauren uk, true religion outlet, guess pas cher, vans pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, nike air max uk, true religion jeans, hogan outlet, north face uk, new balance, air max, ray ban pas cher, nike free uk, true religion outlet, nike blazer pas cher, sac vanessa bruno, michael kors pas cher, ray ban uk, polo lacoste, michael kors outlet, mulberry uk

oakleyses said...

hollister clothing, giuseppe zanotti outlet, lululemon, wedding dresses, abercrombie and fitch, hermes belt, asics running shoes, bottega veneta, celine handbags, soccer shoes, valentino shoes, ferragamo shoes, vans outlet, mcm handbags, timberland boots, nike roshe run uk, longchamp uk, nike air max, north face outlet, p90x workout, new balance shoes, insanity workout, iphone 6 cases, herve leger, instyler, oakley, hollister, nike huaraches, soccer jerseys, nike trainers uk, babyliss, chi flat iron, ghd hair, baseball bats, jimmy choo outlet, mont blanc pens, north face outlet, mac cosmetics, beats by dre, nfl jerseys, reebok outlet, nike roshe run

oakleyses said...

ralph lauren, vans, gucci, pandora jewelry, ray ban, hollister, ugg, swarovski crystal, links of london, lancel, toms shoes, juicy couture outlet, montre pas cher, pandora uk, replica watches, converse outlet, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, coach outlet, ugg uk, hollister, ugg pas cher, uggs outlet, ugg boots, supra shoes, pandora charms, marc jacobs, louboutin, thomas sabo, juicy couture outlet, ugg boots, karen millen uk, uggs outlet, converse, swarovski, uggs on sale, nike air max, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, wedding dresses

princess Totta said...

omar ali said...

Your site is very helpful